JDM Subaru Legacy Second Generation

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1993/4 Subaru Legacy Touring Sports GT

1993/4 Subaru Legacy Touring Sports GT

The second generation Subaru Legacy was launched in Japan at the Tokyo International Motor Show on 7th October 1993 with two basic body styles; the four-door Touring Sports (model code BD, renamed to Touring Sedan in 1995) or five-door stepped-roof Touring Wagon (model code BG).

Both body styles were available with either all-range electronically controlled four-speed automatic trans­mission or five-speed manual trans­mission. The selectable four-wheel drive system used on entry-level manual trans­mission cars in the first generation Subaru Legacy range was no longer available, and Subaru’s full-time symmetrical four-wheel drive system was standard on all models throughout the second generation range, with certain non-turbo models also being offered as front-wheel drive.

Second Generation cars continued in production at Subaru’s Gunma factory in Japan until April 1998 for the Touring Wagon (BG) body style and November 1998 for the Touring Sedan (BD) body style, with revisions to the range in June 1996 and September 1997. In total, 36,812 examples of Touring Sedan and 336,540 examples of the Touring Wagon were built for the Japanese Domestic Market (JDM). Cars for the General and Europe Market were also built at the site, with production of the Touring Wagon body style for this market ending in August 1998.

European and American Subaru Legacy Second Generation

The Second Generation Subaru Legacy was also manufactured at Subaru’s SIA factory (Subaru of Indiana Automotive, Inc.) in North America, building cars primarily for the domestic American market (USDM). The SIA site also built a third body, the flat-roof Station Wagon (model code BK), which was used for the majority of Wagon models in the USA, while the stepped-roof Touring Wagon body style (model code BG) was used for Outback models.

During the late 1990s, Japanese car manufactures were hampered by strict import quotas in many European counties, which limited the amount of cars they could sell. With the highly popular Impreza Turbo accounting for most of Subaru’s sales quota, production of the European specification 2.0-litre Subaru Legacy Touring Wagon started at the SIA factory 1996 for left-hand drive cars, and 1997 for right-hand drive cars (production of the 2.5-litre and Outback versions for the UK market remained at Gunma). This allowed Subaru to increase Legacy sales in the UK for this model, as America was not subject to import quotas, and it continued on sale as a base model for over a year after the more expensive Third Generation Subaru Legacy became available.

Please note, this webpage only deals with vehicles built for the Japanese Domestic Market (JDM) so further details of these vehicles are not included here.


Revision “A” (October 1993–May 1996)

From launch in October 1993, production of the JDM Subaru Legacy remained largely unchanged until June 1996, when the range received a facelift. Cars build before the June 1996 facelift are known as Revision “A”.

At launch, there were four engine choices available, with three of these being based on the Subaru flat-four 1,994 cc EJ20 engine. This was available in three versions, 16-valve SOHC with a power output of 125 PS, 16-valve DOHC with a power output of 150 PS, and at the top of the range, 16-valve DOHC twin-turbo with a power output of 250 PS. The fourth engine option was the EJ22E which was only available in the Touring Wagon with the 4-speed automatic gearbox. The EJ22E had a displacement of 2,212 cc, 16-valve SOHC, and a maximum power output of 135 PS at 5,500 rpm.

All Revision “A” twin-turbo cars, irrespective of body style or gearbox choice, came with the first generation Subaru EJ20H engine that had a maximum power output of 250 PS at 6,500 rpm.

In June 1994, a new base-level engine option was launched with the 1,820 cc EJ18E flat-four engine, this could be specified with any combination of five-speed manual, four-speed automatic, front-wheel drive or four-wheel drive trans­mission on the Touring Sports, but was not available with front-wheel drive on the Touring Wagon. The EJ18 engine had previously been used in the first generation Subaru Legacy as the EJ18S, and in this form had a maximum power output of 110 PS at 6,000 rpm, however in the second generation Subaru Legacy the compression ratio was lowered from 9.7:1 to 9.5:1 and maximum power output was up to 115 PS at 6,000 rpm. This new version was known as the EJ18E.

The final engine to be introduced to the range was the EJ25D, in October 1994. This was the largest capacity in the EJ engine range at 2,457 cc, and came with 16-valve double overhead camshaft (DOHC) and a maximum power output of 160 PS at 6,000 rpm.

Touring Sports (Revision “A”)


At launch in October 1993 the Touring Sports body style was available in six trim levels; TX, Brighton, TS, TS type R, RS and GT. The TX and Brighton had the entry-level 125 PS SOHC engine, with the two TS versions having the 150 PS DOHC engine, and the RS and GT getting the 250 PS twin-turbo engine.

The 1.8ℓ LX trim level went on sale in June 1994 using the EJ18E engine. This was a new entry-level vehicle and stole sales from the previous entry-level model, the TX, which was withdrawn from sale in March 1995. At launch, the model name “1.8ℓ LX” was used on all marketing material, using the scripted letter “L” to represent the word “litre”, but this was soon simplified to just “LX”, which matched the badge displayed on the rear of the car.

A new top-end luxury model went on sale in October 1994. Known at the 250T, this came with the EJ25D DOHC engine and was only available with four-speed automatic trans­mission and four-wheel drive. A small number of Limited Edition versions were made available. These included the TX type S, Brighton GOLD, TS-V and 250T-V.

EJ18EEJ20EEJ20DEJ20H EJ25D 5-Speed Man4-Speed Auto
115 PS125 PS150 PS250 PS160 PSFF4WDFF4WD
TX type SLimited EditionW BD5A43J
BrightonW BD4A45R
Brighton GOLDLimited EditionW BD4A45R
TS-VLimited Edition W     BD4A46E
TS type RW BD4A46A
250T-VLimited EditionW BD9A4AE

Touring Wagon (Revision “A”)


At launch, the Touring Wagon range was similar to that of the Touring Sports, but there were a few notable differences. The EJ20 engine was also available in three versions, but there was an additional option of the EJ22E engine on the Touring Wagon Brighton, known as the Brighton 220. The EJ22E engine was carried over unchanged from the first generation Subaru Legacy with a maximum power output of 135 PS at 5,500 rpm. Four-wheel drive versions of the Touring Wagon Brighton and Brighton 220 had the option of Subaru’s self-levelling air suspension system, known as Electro-Pneumatic Suspension or simply EP-S, at an additional cost of ¥80,000.

1994 Subaru Legacy Touring Wagon GT/B-spec

1994 Subaru Legacy GT/B-spec

Unlike the Touring Sports, the Touring Wagon TS type R was only available with four-wheel drive, and the Touring Wagon was not offered as an RS. However, the Touring Wagon GT came with an additional option of five-speed manual gearbox, and a further trim level was offered with Subaru Sport Suspension and 16″ BBS cross-spoke alloy wheels, known as the GT/B-spec.

The Touring Wagon 1.8ℓ LX, with the EJ18E engine, went on sale at the same time as the Touring Sports 1.8ℓ LX in June 1994, but in Touring Wagon form it was only available with four-wheel drive. Likewise, the Touring Wagon 250T went on sale with the Touring Sports 250T in October 1994, with the EJ25D DOHC engine, and like the Touring Sports version this was only available with four-speed automatic trans­mission and four-wheel drive. The Touring Wagon 250T had the additional option of air-suspension at the cost of ¥80,000.

A large selection of Limited Edition models were offered, starting with the TX type S from October 1994. This was introduced shortly before the TX was discontinued, probably to try and boost dwindling sales of the base-model in the face of the recently introduced LX. The GT/E-spec (“Euro-spec”) was on sale from Feburary 1995, based on the GT in light-blue or silver only with 16″ alloy wheels, and was only available with the four-speed automatic gearbox. Subaru claimed the car had been tuned with long-distance european autobahn driving in mind, yet the vehicle was never made available on the European market.

In June and August 1995, the Limited Edition 250T-G and Brighton GOLD versions went on sale. Unlike the standard cars, these were not available with air suspension. Also in August 1995, a Limited Edition of the GT/B-spec went on sale, known as the GT/B-spec II. This came with 5-spoke 16″ alloy wheels and upgraded brakes.

In November 1995, Colin McRae won the WRC Drivers Championship driving a Subaru Impreza, and to celebrate Subaru sold Limited Edition cars under the slogan “V for Victory” with a small plaque on the rear. These Limited Edition cars were based on vehicles throughout the Subaru range, and the Subaru Legacy Touring Wagon had two; the 250T-V which was based on the 250T, and the GT/V‑Limited which was based on the GT/B-spec II.

In August 1995, Subaru introduced the Legacy Grand Wagon. This used the Touring Wagon body but had raised suspension and restyled bumpers to make it more suitable for off-road use. The only engine option was the 160 PS EJ25D DOHC, and the only trans­mission choice was the four-speed automatic with four-wheel drive. The Legacy Grand Wagon was sold in European markets as the Legacy Outback.

EJ18EEJ20EEJ20DEJ20HEJ22E EJ25D 5-Speed Man4-Speed Auto
115 PS125 PS150 PS250 PS135 PS160 PSFF4WDFF4WD
TX type SLimited EditionW BG4A53G
BrightonW BG4A55R
BrightonAir SuspensionW BGAA55R
Brighton GOLDLimited EditionW BG4A55R
Brighton 220W BG7A55R
Brighton 220Air SuspensionW BGBA55R
TS-VLimited Edition W BG5A56F
TS type RWBG5A56F
GT/E-specLimited EditionWBG5A59P
GT/B-spec IILimited EditionWBG5A59D
GT/V‑LimitedLimited EditionWBG5A59D
250TAir SuspensionWBGCA5AE
250T-GLimited EditionWBG9A5AE
250T-VLimited EditionWBG9A5AE
Grand WagonWBG9A5BE

Revision “B” (June 1996–August 1997)

In June 1996, Subaru gave the Second Generation Legacy a facelift, known as Revision “B” or facelift cars they continued in production until August 1997. The facelift saw new models and engines introduced, and interior and exterior changes to existing models in the range.

The most notable change to the interior was the introduction of driver’s airbag as standard on all models, with a passenger’s airbag being an optional extra. Other interior changes saw new seat fabrics and a redesign to the switches for electric windows and air vent controls. Exterior changes included a restyled front bumper with larger fog-light apertures to house a new light cluster which included both the fog lights and new turn lights. The front grille was also a new design with a central horizontal slat replacing the original wire-mesh design. The optional dual-sunroof available on Touring Wagon models was also redesigned to allow the front section of glass to tilt open, operated by an additional switch located near the interior map lights. On Revision “A” cars, this optional glass sunroof did not open.

Engines were revised throughout the range, starting with the 1,820 cc EJ18E used in the LX being replaced by the new EJ18J with a maximum power output of 120 PS at 5,600 rpm from the same displacement. The EJ20E single overhead camshaft (SOHC) engine used in the Brighton and TX type S saw an increased maximum power output from 125 PS to 135 PS, and as an additional option the TX type S was also available with a high compression (ratio of 10.0:1) “lean-burn” engine, available only with the manual trans¬≠mission, four-wheel drive Touring Wagon. The lean-burn model used a new engine version, the EJ20N, which continued to be available on this model until the end of production. Use of lean-burn engines continued with the third generation Subaru Legacy launched in June 1998, as standard specification on SOHC models, but these used the new Phase-2 engine design and had the code number EJ201.

Maximum power output for the EJ20D double-overhead camshaft (DOHC) engine used in the TS type R was up from 150 PS to 155 PS. The biggest power increase was with the EJ25D double-overhead camshaft (DOHC) engine used in the 250T, which saw power output increase from 160 PS to 175 PS. The EJ22 option was discontinued in the Japanese market but continued to be available elsewhere, most natablly in the USA where the 2.2-litre Legacy Brighton (model code BK7) was, according to Subaru sales literature, “the number one selling wagon in America”.

The EJ20H twin-turbo engine also got more power achieved in part by increasing the compression ratio from 8.5:1 to 9.0:1, with maximum power output rising from 250 PS to 260 PS. A new twin-turbo engine was introduced at the top of the performance range, this was the EJ20R which came with larger 90mm air induction and revised valve gear, similar to those used on the Impreza STi, and had a maximum power output of 280 PS at 6,500 rpm. The new EJ20R engine was only available in cars fitted with five-speed manual gearbox.

Touring Sedan (Revision “B”)


The model range for the facelift Touring Sedan was almost identical to the pre-facelift Touring Sports range. The only change was the dropping of the TX from the line-up and replacing it with the TX type S, which had previously been a Limited Edition but was now a permanent member of the line. The TS was also dropped and not replaced, while the TS type R was still available but only with four-wheel drive tranmission.

With the introduction of the facelift, the Touring Sedan RS was fitted with Bilstein Sport Suspension as standard, and the five-speed manual version received the new EJ20R engine, bringing maximum power output to 280 PS at 6,500 rpm. This version of the car is often called “RS-B” by enthusiasts, possibly due to the fitting of Bilstein suspension which had previously only been an optional extra, but this name was never used by Subaru. The automatic version of the RS and GT continued to use the EJ20H engine, although this was the revised higher compression version with maximum power output of 260 PS.

EJ18JEJ20EEJ20DEJ20HEJ20R EJ25D 5-Speed Man4-Speed Auto
120 PS135 PS155 PS260 PS280 PS175 PSFF4WDFF4WD
TX type SW BD5B43J
BrightonW BD4B45R
TS type RWBD5B46F

Touring Wagon (Revision “B”)


Changes to the Touring Wagon model range were similar to those made to the Touring Sedan range, with both the TX and TS versions being deleted, and the TX type S becoming a permanent addition the line up. The Brighton 220 was also discontinued and thus the EJ22 engine was no longer offered on any Subaru Legacy in the Japanese market. As an entry level option, the Touring Wagon LX was made available with a front-wheel drive option for the first time, but only with the 4-speed automatic gearbox.

1996/7 Subaru Legacy Touring Wagon GT-B

1996/7 Subaru Legacy GT‑B

The GT/B-spec was discontinued and replaced with a new model, the GT‑B. Manual versions of the GT‑B had the new EJ20R engine with a maximum power output of 280 PS at 6,500 rpm, while cars fitted with automatic trans­mission used the revised higher compression EJ20H engine with a maximum power output of 260 PS at 6,500 rpm. Both manual and automatic versions of the GT‑B came fitted as standard with Bilstein Sport Suspension, larger brakes, stiffer anti-roll bars, and 17″ 5-spoke alloy wheels with 215/45R17 tyres.

The Touring Wagon GT continued in production in facelifted form alongside the new GT‑B, and both manual and automatic versions of the GT used the revised EJ20H engine with maximum power output of 260 PS at 6,500 rpm. This is often a cause of confusion for prospective buyers who incorrectly believe the GT‑B replaced the GT and therefore all facelift twin-turbo cars must be a GT‑B. The VIN plate mounted on the near-side suspension mount can be used to read the Applied Model Code and correctly identify the vehicle. Bilstein Sport Suspension was offered on the GT and TS type R as a factory fitted optional extra, and cars fitted with this carried a small Bilstein badge on the tailgate.

1997 Subaru Legacy Touring Wagon 250T-B

1997 Subaru Legacy 250T-B

In 1996, Subaru won the WRC Constructors Championship and again Limited Edition cars were sold to celebrate this, with the GT V‑Limited and TS type R V‑Limited. Other Limited Edition cars included the 250T-B which was a version of the 250T with Bilstein Sport Suspension, and the Brighton GOLD also made a return.

EJ18JEJ20NEJ20EEJ20DEJ20HEJ20R EJ25D 5-Speed Man4-Speed Auto
120 PS125 PS135 PS155 PS260 PS280 PS175 PSFF4WDFF4WD
TX type SLean Burn W   BG5B53J
TX type SW BG4B53G
Brighton W BG4B55R
BrightonAir Suspension W BGAB55R
Brighton GOLDLimited Edition W BG4B55R
Brighton GOLDLimited Edition with Air Suspension W BGAB55R
TS type RWBG5B56F
TS type R V‑LimitedLimited EditionWBG5B56F
TS type R Limited IILimited EditionWBG5B56F
GT V‑LimitedLimited EditionWBG5B59D
250TAir SuspensionWBGCB5AE
250T-BLimited EditionWBG9B5AE
Grand WagonWBG9B5BE
Grand Wagon 250 CruiserLimited EditionWBG9B5BE

Revision “C” (September 1997–November 1998)

The final revision to the second generation Subaru Legacy in the Japanese Domestic Market (JDM), Revision “C”, entered production in June 1997 and went on sale from September 1997. Production of Revision “C” cars continued in Japan until November 1998, overlapping with the third generation Subaru Legacy which entered production in November 1997 and went on sale in June 1998.

Revision “C” cars were visually identical to the previous Revision “B” cars, but there were new body colour and interior trim options available. Most models in the range remained unchanged but went on sale with a small price reduction.

Touring Sedan (Revision “C”)


The only notable changes to the Revision “C” Touring Sedan model line up were the deleteion of the front-wheel drive, five-speed manual version of the LX, and the Brighton was replaced by the Brighton GOLD, which had previously been a Limited Edition model.

1997/8 Subaru Legacy Touring Sedan RS

1997/8 Subaru Legacy RS

Although a new Touring Wagon GT‑B Limited was available, featuring a redesigned front bumper with large round fog lights, a “Limited” model was not made available with the Touring Sedan body style. The new style bumper and lights could however be ordered as a factory fitted optional extra.

The Touring Sedan TS type R and Touring Sedan RS were now also available in Cashmere Yellow (colour code 797), but production numbers for Touring Sedan cars in this colour were very low with only 13 examples of the TS type R and 87 examples of the RS being built.

EJ18JEJ20EEJ20DEJ20HEJ20R EJ25D 5-Speed Man4-Speed Auto
120 PS135 PS155 PS260 PS280 PS175 PSFF4WDFF4WD
TX type SW BD5C43J
Brighton GOLDW BD4C45R
TS type RWBD5C46F

Touring Wagon (Revision “C”)


Changes to the Touring Wagon model range for Revision “C” vehicles were similar to those of the Touring Sedan with the front-wheel drive, five-speed manual version of the LX being discontinued, and the Brighton being replaced by the Brighton GOLD, which had previously been a Limited Edition model. Another Limited Edition model to become permanent was the 250T-B with Bilstein Sport Suspension, which didn’t have a Touring Sedan equivalent.

Both the Touring Wagon GT and Touring Wagon GT‑B models continued in production with unchanged mechanical specification, but there were minor changes to the paint and interior trim options, with the GT‑B being available in Cashmere yellow (colour code 797) for the first time.

1997/8 Subaru Legacy Touring Wagon GT-B Limited

1997/8 Subaru Legacy GT‑B Limited

A new range-topping model was introduced as the GT‑B Limited, which featured a distinctive new front bumper design with additional large round fog lights, switchable with the standard fog lights, and a “Limited” badge fixed to the lower black mesh. This had the same mechanical specification as the GT‑B, with the 260 PS EJ20H engine in the automatic and the 280 PS EJ20R engine in the manual. The GT‑B Limited was available in six body colours; white (colour code 51E), light silver (colour code 406), dark blue (colour code 52D), black (colour code 47A), bright red (colour code 559) and Cashmere yellow (colour code 797). Wood trim for the dashboard was optional, but even car without this had wood sections in the top and bottom of the Momo steering wheel and a wooden gear knob on manual cars.

1997/8 Subaru Legacy Lancaster Limited

1997/8 Subaru Legacy Lancaster Limited

The Legacy Grand Wagon was rebranded at this time to become the Legacy Lancaster, and was offered with a five-speed, daul-range manual gearbox for the first time. The Legacy Lancaster was also offered with a Limited version, and this came as an automatic only with a higher specification and the same wood trim and partly wooden steering wheel as used in the GT‑B Limited. Although this version of the second generation Subaru Legacy was now known as the Legacy Lancaster, and the name “Grand Wagon” had been dropped, the badge on the rear of the car showed both name, as “Lancaster Grand Wagon”.

EJ18JEJ20NEJ20EEJ20DEJ20HEJ20R EJ25D 5-Speed Man4-Speed Auto
120 PS125 PS135 PS155 PS260 PS280 PS175 PSFF4WDFF4WD
TX type SLean Burn W BG5C53J
TX type SW BG5C53J
Brighton GOLD W BG4C55R
Brighton GOLDAir Suspension W BGAC55R
TS type RWBG5C56F
TS type RB LimitedLimited EditionWBG5C56F
GT‑B LimitedManualWBG5C5ED
GT‑B LimitedAutomaticWBG5C5EP
250TAir SuspensionWBGCC5AE
LancasterW BG9C5DF
Lancaster LimitedWBG9C5BE

Limited Edition models

Subaru offered a number of Limited Edition versions of the second generation Subaru Legacy throughout the production period. These were based on a standard production model, sharing the same mechanical specification, but usually came with more optional extras as standard and often a different choice of body colours or interior trim.

Below is a selection of the Limited Edition models that were made available. At this time not are versions are included on this webpage, but others will be shown when information becomes available.

1995 Legacy Touring Wagon GT/B-spec II

1995/6 Subaru Legacy Touring Wagon GT/B-spec II

1995/6 Subaru Legacy GT/B-spec II

From August 1995, the Limited Edition Legacy Touring Wagon GT/B-spec II went on sale to celebrate “15th Anniversary of Subaru Wagon Story”, which most likely referred to the 1981 launch of the Subaru Leone Touring Wagon with its unique 2-step roof design.

The model was based on the Revision “A” Legacy Touring Wagon GT/B-spec, with shared mechanical specification, and was availble in 406 Metallic Light Silver, 416 Dark Blue Mica, 443 Dark Green Pearl or 47A Pearlescent Black colours only.

Viewed from outside, the most distinguishing feature of the Touring Wagon GT/B-spec II was the fitting of 16″ 5-spoke alloy wheels with 205/50R16 tyres, which made the car stand out from the standard Touring Wagon GT/B-spec which came with 16″ cross-spoke alloy wheels, also with 205/50R16 tyres. Inside, the car was fitted with a high-spec 100-Watt CD audio system.

Early marketing material suggested that this model was limited to 1,000 examples, but in reality chassis number lists show that almost 6,000 examples were made. These cars can be identified from the chassis plate as they have Option Code 81C, 82C or 83C.

1995 Legacy Touring Wagon GT/E-spec

The Legacy Touring Wagon GT/E-spec went on sale from September 1995 as a “Euro-spec” version of the Touring Wagon GT. While the vehicle was only offered on sale in Japan, the sales literature made the following statement in English…

“Euro-spec.” The name fits this Touring Wagon like a well-worn pair of driving gloves. For it can duel with sports cars on the Autobahn while delivering the ride comfort of a luxury sedan. A spacious interior makes long trips a pleasure. And while the Grand Touring concept of the Legacy remains unchanged, the GT/E-spec will satisfy your every sporting instinct. Out on the Autobahn the only GTs you will see will be in the rear view mirror.
1995/6 Subaru Legacy Touring Wagon GT/E-spec

1995/6 Subaru Legacy GT/E-spec

Despite the flowery marketing language, the GT/E-spec only had cosmetic upgrades over the standard production GT at the time, although these did include the option of the very attractive Laguna Blue Pearl paintwork (colour code 389) and a rear spoiler as standard.

1996 Legacy Touring Wagon GT/V‑Limited

The Legacy Touring Wagon GT/V‑Limited went on sale from March 1996 to celebrate Subaru winning the 1995 WRC Constructors’ Championship, and their driver Colin McRae winning the 1995 Drivers Championship.

1997 Legacy Touring Wagon GT V‑Limited

1997 Subaru Legacy Touring Wagon GT V-Limited

1997 Subaru Legacy GT V-Limited

The Legacy Touring Wagon GT V‑Limited went on sale from May 1997 to celebrate Subaru successfully defended their Constructors’ Championship in 1996. This vehicle was available with Sonic Blue Mica paint, also known as Rally Blue or 555 Blue (colour code 74F), and was the only Legacy model to be offered with this colour as it was normally only found on performance Impreza models such as the 22B-STi version, WRX type R STi Limited or the UK only Impreza P1.

1998 Legacy Touring Wagon TS type RB-Limited

1998 Subaru Legacy Touring Wagon TS type RB-Limited

1998 Subaru Legacy TS type RB-Limited

Launched at the end of 1997, the Legacy Touring Wagon TS type RB-Limited was the final Limited Edition model to go on sale before production of the second generation Subaru Legacy ended.